High Blood Cholesterol Can Affect Your Health And Wellbeing. Are You Aware Of It? Take Action Before It Is Too Late...
High blood cholesterol and triglycerides
The medical term for high blood cholesterol and triglycerides is lipid disorder. Such a disorder happens when you have too many fatty substances in your blood. Some of these substances are cholesterol and triglycerides.
What Causes Lipid Disorders?
A lipid disorder increases your risk for atherosclerosis, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure or hypertension, and other problems.
There are many types of cholesterol. The ones talked about most are:
Total cholesterol where all the cholesterols are added together or combined. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol - often called "good" cholesterol.
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol - often called "bad" cholesterol.
There are several genetic disorders that lead to abnormal levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. They are:
Treatment depends on your ageHealth historyWhether you smoke or notOther risk factors for heart disease,like:
Diabetes Poorly controlled high blood pressure Family history of heart disease
The recommended numbers for adults are different depending on the above risk factors. In general the recommended numbers are:
LDL: 70-130 mg/dL (lower numbers are better)HDL: more than 40-60 mg/dL (high numbers are better)Total cholesterol: less than 200 mg/dL (lower numbers are better)Triglycerides: 10-150 mg/dL (lower numbers are better)
There are ways to improve this cholesterol levels, and help prevent heart disease and heart attack. The most important ones are:>
Eat a heart-healthy diet with plenty of fiber-rich fruits and vegetables.
Avoid saturated fats found mostly in animal products
Avoid trans-fatty acids found in fast foods and commercially baked products.
Choose unsaturated fats
Exercise regularly to help raise your HDL "good" cholesterol
Get periodic health checkups and cholesterol screenings
Lose weight if you are overweight
If lifestyle changes don`t work, your doctor may recommend medication. There are many types of drugs to help lower high blood cholesterol levels. They work in different ways. Some are better at lowering LDL cholesterol. Some are good at lowering triglycerides, others help raise HDL cholesterol.
The most commonly used and effective drugs for treating high blood LDL cholesterol are called statins. They are:>
Other drugs include bile acid sequestering resins, cholesterol absorption inhibitors, fibrates, and nicotinic acid (niacin).
Outlook of the problem (Prognosis)
If you are diagnosed with high blood cholesterol, you will probably need to continue lifestyle changes and drug treatment throughout your life. Periodic monitoring of your cholesterol blood levels may be necessary. Reducing high blood cholesterol levels will slow the progression of atherosclerosis.
Possible complications of high cholesterol include:
Atherosclerosis Coronary artery disease Stroke Heart attack or death
Possible complications of high triglycerides include:
Cholesterol and triglyceride screening is important to identify and treat abnormal levels. The U.S. Preventive Service Task Force advises that men age 35 or older and women age 45 or older should have their cholesterol levels checked.
To help prevent high cholesterol:>
Eat a well-balanced, low-fat diet Keep a healthy body weight Get regular exercise
Alternative Names For Lipid disorders Hyperlipoproteinemia Hyperlipidemia Dyslipidemia Hypercholesterolemia